第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 （共 10 小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 25 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
I had an old neighbor, a doctor named Gibbs. When Doctor Gibbs wasn’t saving lives, he was planting trees. He had some interesting theories about planting trees. He hardly watered his new trees.
Once I asked why and he told me that watering plants damaged them because it made them grow
weaker. He said he had to make things difficult for the trees so that only the strongest could survive. He talked about how watering trees made them develop shallow roots and how, if they were not watered, trees would grow deep roots in search of water.
So, instead of watering his trees every morning, he’d beat them with a rolled up newspaper. I asked him why he did that, and he said it was to get the trees’ attention.
Doctor Gibbs died a couple of years after I left home. Sometimes I walked by his house and looked at the trees I’d watched him plant 25 years ago. They were tall and strong.
I planted several trees myself a few years ago. Two years of caring for these trees meant they grew up weakly. Whenever a cold wind blew, my trees trembled. Adversity seemed to benefit Doctor Gibb’s trees in ways comfort and ease never could.
Every night before I go to bed, I check on my two sons. I often pray that their lives will be easy. But lately I’ve b